Property investors should brace for change. Having successfully grown wealth in recent times, property accumulators are now the ‘tall poppy’ attracting unwanted attention.
Blogger: Anton Hamer, Plan Assist Property Team
Investors now dominate the housing market. Over 50 per cent of all loans settled are for investment loans and there are rumbles within the RBA that a limit on investor dominance is required. In the past, these rumbles have just been a warning, but we should expect new limits in place as early as Xmas.
Many investors are flying blind when making long-term plans to build a property portfolio. Buying multiple properties based on their current borrowing capacities is now a moving target and change is occurring in the next few months. Investors have had a great run in the last two years with increasing property prices in the east coast capital cities and for the RBA, things are travelling a little too fast for their liking.
RBA assistant governor Malcolm Edey on Thursday addressed the senate pointing out that 50 per cent of all loans settled are for investors, much higher than traditional levels. The increase is causing a problematic imbalance in the housing market with “speculative housing investment” activity and committees are investigating what they can do to influence the problem.
Property investors don’t see any problem. Life is good, they have a job, markets are increasing, new equity is available from higher property values and their wealth base is growing which was their plan from the beginning. Interest rates are at an all-time low and everyone is happy, right?
Well, the RBA has a few things on its plate. Whilst it regulates the impact of monetary policy to curb inflation and balance out spending within our domestic economy, its losing power as those pesky investors feast on a banquet of appreciating property.
Interest rate changes used by the RBA are becoming a blunt weapon as investor tax deductions grow. Typically an investor has tax deductions on their interest expense so a one per cent increase in interest rates only equates to say 0.6 per cent increase to investor’s pockets, and the pain of a rate increase does not deter investors as much as homeowners who have no deductions. Without this influence over investors, the RBA may have to try irrational methods such as doubling their rate movements to stimulate or limit the economy using some other means.
“It's like the RBA is trying to fly a plane while a herd of elephants sits on one wing. The imbalance is growing where new controls are needed.”
And its not just the RBA that is feeling a lack of power, it’s also the Abbott government looking to curb the impact from investors on tax revenues. The Grattan Institute says negative gearing costs the federal government approximately $2.4 billion a year.
The federal government are currently reviewing whether to end negative gearing for new investors. Over 65 per cent of taxpayers owning investment property use negative gearing to assist with their loss-making investment and this can also drive property prices higher.
So the word on the street is that the RBA has hinted of new measures (other than interest rate increases) to curb problematic investor lending growth. To help plan your investment purchases over the next five years, consider these possibilities that are currently being debated in the media:
Possible new rules for property investors:
New Rule: Lower Borrowing Capacities
The RBA is asking prudential authority APRA to put lending laws in place that increase the income testing “buffer” levels for lenders. When the lender checks your income and expenses, you may find they have wiped thousands off your maximum borrowing capacity.
The odds: High chance of this occurring now that this is the main focus of the RBA, and measures are relatively easy for banks to put in place. Keep an eye out before Xmas for new laws proposed, and changes in bank policy over the next six months.
New Rule: No negative gearing
The Abbott government is considering the end of negative gearing for new investors. It will reduce tax deductions and reduce the amount that new investors are prepared to borrow. The price they are prepared to pay for a property is also reduced.
The odds: Low chance as this would be very unpopular policy.
New Rule: State govt open planning restrictions to allow more land for development
There is talk of releasing restrictions on development of land as land property prices have increased due to its scarcity. With more development allowed, we may see a weaker property market in future years.
The odds: This is already happening at a steady pace and will be driven harder if property demand from investors continue.
If you are planning on buying multiple properties over the coming years, keep an eye in the media for changes in the short term as restrictions are surfacing. With the RBA losing more of its ability to affect the economy, we are backing the cat into a corner. Watch out for its claws.