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According to an updated index, Australia is in the middle of a rental crisis, with a serious need for a national housing plan.
Knowing whether potential tenants can easily pay rent is a key element of renting out a property, but Australia-wide, there is a deep rental stress issue brewing.
The May Rental Affordability Index (RAI), a biannual index released by National Shelter, Community Sector Banking and SGS Economics & Planning, which measures rental affordability relative to household income, has found that Hobart is the least affordable capital city in Australia to rent in, with 29 per cent of household income being required to pay rent and an RAI of 102, which is deemed as moderately unaffordable rent.
Following Hobart is Sydney, which requires 27 per cent income and an RAI of 113, and then Adelaide, requiring 26 per cent income and an RAI of 117 per cent, which are both also deemed moderately unaffordable.
For lower-income households, Sydney and Canberra in particular have high levels of rental stress, as median incomes here are higher than the national average.
“The latest [RAI] shows the rental crisis continues. Financial stress, overcrowding and insecurity are the everyday reality of working families,” Ellen Witte, partner at SGS Economics and Planning said.
Adrian Pisarski, executive officer at National Shelter said despite some improvement in rental stress in the capital cities, low incomes households are still struggling.
“For households below the median income, rental affordability remains a real problem while for households on moderate and low wages and benefits, we have a genuine crisis in rental affordability,” Mr Pisarski said.
In order to protect those lower income households, Andrew Cairns, CEO of Community Sector Banking, said there is a need to establish a national housing plan.
“Without action, lower income earners will be forced from our cities and capitals like Sydney will lose vital workers, like those in hospitality,” Mr Cairns said.
Conny Lenneberg, executive director of the Brotherhood of St. Laurence, said that the index reveals the extent of Australia’s housing crisis on low income households.
“People are facing deep challenges securing affordable housing in the private rental market, pushed further and further away from the areas from where the jobs are located,” Ms Lenneberg said.
“For some vulnerable people who are unemployed, the combination of very low rates of Newstart — as little as $38.98 a day for a single unemployed person — and rising rents for even modest accommodation, is proving unbearable. The consequence is that people are being pushed into homelessness.”
In order to fix the crisis, Ms Witte and Mr Pisarski recommended more financial investment is required.
“There are opportunities to further streamline development planning processes, but more importantly to invest in social and affordable housing for workers. The use of instruments like the density bonus and inclusionary zoning needs to be maximised,” Ms Witte said.
“The data demonstrates the need for national leadership and a national housing strategy. We need to bring the threads of tax reform, incentives to encourage greater investment by institutional finance and states, planning reforms and urban and regional development together to tackle this problem,” said Mr Pisarski.
Meanwhile, Brisbane, Melbourne, all of the ACT and are all considered to have affordable rents, which require 25 per cent, 24 per cent, 23 per cent and 21 per cent income and RAIs of 121, 126, 128 and 145 each, respectively.
When zooming out to look at the major states aside from their capital cities, NSW remains moderately unaffordable with 27 per cent of income required and an RAI of 112. Tasmania, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia are all deemed to be affordable, With 25 per cent, 25 per cent, 24 per cent 22 per cent and 20 per cent income required, and with RAIs of 121, 122, 123, 137 and 153 respectively.
A house refers to a building or property used as living quarters or an individual’s place of permanent or temporary residence.
Rent refers to the payment made by a tenant periodically to a landlord for the use and occupancy of a property.
A tenant, also known as a renter or occupant, is a person or entity that leases space for residential or commercial use.